•With lack of available land, we have seen an increase in the under-roof system for calving or for backgrounding, but you need to be aware of the extra management considerations.

•When considering the confinement option you need to either build or rehab.

•Land prices continue to be high when looking for grazing options. But, with the right piece of ground, there are a lot of options for intensive grazing, windrowing, etc.

•You can also look at the option of custom feeding, this has its hurdles, primarily building the contacts necessary to build a customer list. And, you will need to be able to negotiate feeding and care arrangements with customers.